Anorexia is due to an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted view of a person’s body shape. This is not a lifestyle but rather a complex illness that needs specialised treatment.
Children and young people feel worried and fearful about different things sometimes, which is a normal part of growing up. Anxiety becomes a problem when these worries and fears are so severe and persistent that they start to interfere with normal activities in everyday life.
Autism is not an illness, it is a lifelong condition that affects the way people see and interact with the world around them. It is referred to as a spectrum condition because it affects each person differently.
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects behaviour and causes the child to be hyperactive, impulsive and/or inattentive. It usually begins during childhood.
Bipolar disorder is a serious and long-term mental illness that causes a person’s mood to swing between two extremes – mania and depression. One in fifty people in the UK suffer from bipolar disorder. It is more common in 16-24 year olds.
BPD is a type of personality disorder where a person has difficulties in their mood and their relationships with others. It is sometimes called emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD). Around 1 in 100 people have BPD and predominantly diagnosed in women.
Conduct disorder is different than when a child misbehaves or has tantrums. There are two types of conduct disorders: Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder. In the UK, conduct disorders affect around 5.8% of children aged 5-16.
Depression is often characterised as a change in a person’s mood, thoughts and behaviour. It comes in a mild, moderate or severe form and can be caused by a combination of different factors. In the UK, depression occurs in 2.1% of young people aged 5-19.
OCD is an anxiety disorder which is characterised as having obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours. Children and young people with OCD can feel very anxious, lonely and isolated. In the UK, about 1 in every 50 people suffer from OCD at some point in their lives.
PTSD is a form of anxiety experienced by people who have experienced atraumatic event. PTSD symptoms can persist for longer than 1 month and are usually more severe. In the UK, it is estimated that up to 3 in 100 people may develop PTSD at some stage in life.
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